21st Feb. 2022

Galicia is the autonomous region with the highest occurrence of wildfires,
causing high economic, material, environmental, and, sometimes, personal
losses year after year. The tools and measures for its prevention and control are
established by the applicable legislation, whose powers are distributed between
the State and the region. This dissertation studies whether said regulations in
Galicia have a reactive character, that is, if their approval is immediate in years
with a great wildfires activity or, on the other side, if it is of a preventive nature.
To accomplish this, on the one hand, the rules and regulatory instruments in this
matter have been analyzed, and forest fire data between the years 1968 and
2020 have been studied on the other. To help with the interpretation of the
findings, these have been related by means of a timeline and a graph through
which it has been possible to determine the reactivity of the regulations. In certain
periods, an increase in legislative activity has been verified concurring with
serious incidents of wildfires. In addition, the future Galician forest fire law,
pending approval this year, has been investigated.